There is no question that the middle east is in a constant state of chaos.  When one country revolts two or three others are not far behind.  Terrorism, thrives like cockroaches after a nuclear showdown.  It seems the harder MENA nations fight the infidels, the more chaos pores out of the cracks.  There are a number of reasons for the instabilities in MENA, and the major contributing factor was a poor choice of ally in WWI. 

The Ottoman parliamentary system came shortly before the true power of their land holdings could be realized.  Had they not sided with the Germans in WWI, The Ottomans would be the most powerful people in the world.  Still, This did not happen, and in the wake the middle east has become a military training ground for the elite militaries around the globe.  After the mandates, a post WWI system devised to limit power of Arab nations, and allow western nations to have an active role in controlling them,  has left the cradle of humanity in constant turmoil.  It is my personal opinion which brings me to the conclusion that western nations deliberately ignore their ethical foundations in order to maintain control over MENA.  Allow me to highlight just one such case, which clearly shows, U.S., and British involvement in a Coup D’état.

A CIA document, combined with a SIS document, clearly details the intentional overthrow of Mohammad Mosaddegh by any means necessary.  “CLANDESTINE SERVICE HISTORY
”, the title says it all. 

The purpose of the overthrow was to stabilize Iran, and rid it of the socialist Mosaddegh.  The only problem is, that in retrospect one can hardly claim Mosaddegh to be a Socialist, though some of his civil implements may be construed as a socialist agenda, many of his policies now exist in the united states, like workers compensation, and commercial business taxes. 

 Mohammad Mosaddegh was the prime minister of Iran from 1951-1953. He studied at the university of Paris, where he received a masters law degree at the University of Neuchâtel, a French speaking school in SwitzerlandMosaddegh taught at the university of Tehran around the start of WWI, soon after he became involved in politics, and joined the Persian constitutional revolution at the age of 24.  For the next twenty years he found governing positions over various provinces, but eventually found his way back into the Iranian parliament (Majlis).  Around 1925 he spoke out against Reze Khan, when Khan announced he was going to crown himself Shah, (king), of Iran.  Mosaddegh tried to convince Khan to take the prime minister position instead, advice not taken.  He later became the leader of the National Front of Iran, (Party), which their sole mission was to establish democracy in Iran and end the constant gerrymandering, and manhandling  by foreign powers.

Razmara was appointed by the Shah in 1950 to the position of prime minister.  At this time Oil was becoming an issue of concern for the entire nation, and Iran was in a financial deficit due to certain British sanctions over their oil production.  The Anglo-Iranian oil company,( AIOC) under British control left Iran with only a 20% share in stock.  While other MENA nations like Saudi Arabia, had 50-50 arrangements.  Razmara saw the futility in attempting to nationalize the oil industry and felt that to remove the British choke hold would lead to the detriment of their nation.  Yet, Mosaddegh and his party had a polar opposite view.

 In 1951 Razmara was assassinated while praying at a masque, some say by one of his own soldiers, and others say it was by a religious extremist, though the latter seems a bit ironic. Parliament held a vote, and Mosaddegh was elected by an overwhelming majority.  Mosaddegh wasted no time in nationalizing the oil.  This man had lived a life of legend until this point.  Working as hard as one can, and achieving high positions in the government at a very young age, and now this, prime minister of his country.  What should have been a great victory, quickly devolved into a rather saddening series of loses.  First the British pulled out all of their oil experts, leaving the Iranian oil company directionless, incapable of producing more oil.  Then, The British convinced other Western nations to boycott.  To top it off the British threatened Aramco, and BP employees with legal action if they took up employment in Iranian oil ventures.  If Mosaddegh ever had a chance at achieve the civil changes he dreamed about they were shattered by the loss of revenue.  Even if they could have produced the oil, No one would buy it from Iran.  This became the focal point in the CIA operation AJAX.  The British claimed that Mosaddegh was deliberately forcing economic hardship on his people by refusing to allow their natural resources to be taken and sold for a profit.  Despite the lack of foresight in the oil business he did manage to establish some rather clever civil policies.

One of his much needed changes were to the power the Shah wielded.  He limited the Shahs purse, and eliminated his unconstitutional activities.  He abolished Iran’s ancient feudal system.  He also made changes to the electoral, and education systems, which some are still in existence today.   A few of the taxes imposed on the wealthy seemed as though it was a redistribution of wealth, and this in turn was exacerbated by the Americans and the British to the point of accusing Mosaddegh of being a socialist.

The most ridiculous aspect of the entire plot, was that the financial stress placed on Mosaddegh’s cabinet, most likely would have lead to an overthrow anyway, and why the British and the Americans had to get involved is perplexing. 

The British were still rebuilding after WWII, which is why they called on the United States to take the lead on the overthrow of Mosaddegh.  The Americans obliged, and the plans were drawn up.  The exact details of the Coup d’état, are somewhat trivial.  With a little money, and a few operatives placed in key places the CIA managed to buy the news radio, a few religious leader, The Iranian front party leader, The Shah’s sister (with a mink coat mind you), and a section of the military.  The aforementioned coupled with operatives spreading discord in places like the bazaar, and Mosques lead to Mosaddegh’s exile. He hid for a while, but eventually returned and was arrested for treason.  He was sentenced to death, but it was changed to three years in prison, then house arrest unto death.  In 1979 a revolution took place in Iran, with an anti-American theme playing in the background. 

The unrest throughout MENA, is unquenchable at this time.  It is events like these which force the peoples around the world to question Western motives, and capabilities.  When a government can be overthrown with a rather diminutive investment, and even lesser involvement fear becomes apparent.  The hyper vigilance we see among the Middle eastern nations can be directly attributed to an overreaching international community.  Until, western nations adopt a Live and let live mentality, the fear mongers will have a pulpit to shout from in the middle east.


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